2024 Hummingbird Migration Map

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Hummingbirds, those tiny, iridescent creatures that flit about like fairies in our gardens, are a source of delight for many nature enthusiasts.

In Oklahoma, the arrival of hummingbirds marks the beginning of spring and brings with it a sense of renewal and vibrancy to the landscape.

But when exactly do these enchanting birds return to Oklahoma?

Let’s delve into the fascinating world of hummingbirds and uncover the timing of their annual migration to the Sooner State.

Understanding Hummingbird Migration Patterns

The Marvel of Hummingbird Migration

Before we pinpoint the specific timing of hummingbird arrivals in Oklahoma, it’s essential to grasp the incredible phenomenon of hummingbird migration.

These tiny birds embark on remarkable journeys, traveling thousands of miles between their breeding grounds in North America and their wintering habitats in Central and South America.

Despite their diminutive size, hummingbirds possess an innate navigational prowess that guides them on their epic migrations.

Factors Influencing Migration Timing

Several factors influence the timing of hummingbird migration, including daylight hours, temperature, food availability, and genetic programming.

As the days grow longer and temperatures begin to rise, hummingbirds receive signals triggering their instinct to migrate.

However, variations in environmental conditions can cause fluctuations in migration timing from year to year.

Hummingbird Migration in Oklahoma

Arrival of Ruby-Throated Hummingbirds

In Oklahoma, the most common hummingbird species is the Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris).

These dazzling birds typically make their triumphant return to the state in early spring, heralding the arrival of warmer weather and blooming flowers.

As one of the first migratory birds to arrive, spotting a Ruby-throated Hummingbird is often a joyful sign of the changing seasons for Oklahomans.

Timing of Arrival

The exact timing of hummingbird arrival in Oklahoma can vary slightly depending on geographic location and prevailing weather conditions.

Generally, residents can expect to see these delightful birds returning to the state as early as late March to mid-April.

However, in southern regions of Oklahoma, where temperatures tend to be milder, hummingbirds may arrive even earlier, sometimes as early as late February.

Peak Migration Period

The peak migration period for hummingbirds in Oklahoma typically occurs in April and May.

During this time, the state becomes a bustling thoroughfare for these tiny travelers as they journey northward to their breeding grounds.

Backyard feeders and nectar-rich flowers play a crucial role in providing sustenance for migrating hummingbirds during this arduous trek.

Creating a Hummingbird-Friendly Habitat

Providing Essential Resources

To attract hummingbirds to your backyard in Oklahoma, creating a welcoming habitat is key.

Planting a variety of native flowers such as trumpet vine, salvia, and bee balm provides a vital food source for these nectar-loving birds.

Additionally, maintaining clean and well-stocked feeders filled with sugar water mimics the natural nectar sources that hummingbirds rely on for energy during migration.

Offering Shelter and Safety

In addition to food sources, hummingbirds require shelter and safety to thrive in your backyard.

Planting shrubs and trees provides perching spots and refuge from predators.

Avoiding the use of pesticides ensures that hummingbirds can forage safely without ingesting harmful chemicals.


The return of hummingbirds to Oklahoma marks a significant milestone in the transition from winter to spring.

As these captivating creatures grace our skies with their presence, they remind us of the beauty and resilience of the natural world.

By understanding the timing of hummingbird migration and creating hospitable environments in our own backyards, we can celebrate and support these remarkable birds for generations to come.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. How can I attract hummingbirds to my backyard in Oklahoma?

To attract hummingbirds, plant a variety of native flowers and maintain clean feeders filled with sugar water.

Providing shelter and avoiding pesticide use also enhance your backyard habitat.

2. When is the best time to put out hummingbird feeders in Oklahoma?

In Oklahoma, it’s advisable to put out hummingbird feeders in late March to early April to coincide with the arrival of migrating hummingbirds.

3. What are some common misconceptions about hummingbirds in Oklahoma?

One common misconception is that all hummingbirds have brightly colored plumage.

In reality, female hummingbirds often have more muted colors for camouflage purposes.

4. How long do hummingbirds stay in Oklahoma during migration?

Hummingbirds typically stay in Oklahoma for several weeks during migration, refueling on nectar before continuing their journey northward.

5. Are there any special considerations for maintaining hummingbird feeders in Oklahoma?

During hot weather, be sure to change the sugar water in your feeders frequently to prevent fermentation and mold growth, which can be harmful to hummingbirds.

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